Samples Part I
Beadwork May/June 2000
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|Embroidery requires a fabric backing. Bead embroidery bulks up and requires working stitches differently than thread stitches. All beads are not uniform and every stitch will not line up exactly as thread stitches. Fourteen count fabric works with 11/0 and Delica beads, however bead size variations require some adaptation to the stitches. The counted fabric needs each cut edge whip stitched to prevent raveling or apply Fray Stop to the edges. Stitch each row of bead embroidery separately. If theres a mistake in one row, it will be easy to correct without redoing the whole sample. The counted fabric I used has a smooth and a rough side. I used the smooth side for the bead embroidery. Plan for 29 stitches down and 26 stitches across for the bead embroidery area. The counted fabric I used has 29 stitches down and 27 across, leaving one extra blank stitch on one side or the other of each sample. Each fabric sample measures approximately 2 1/8" long by 1 ¾" wide; this does not include the whip stitched edges.|
|Lighter Trick Keep about ¼" loose thread at the end of the knot. Let the heat, not the flame, burn the thread ends. Soon as the thread ignites, it will burn down towards the knot. Blow out the flame on the thread before it reaches the knot, the heat from the burnt ends will make a little bead on the knot. Take care not to singe the counted fabric. This is a Joyce Scott trick. Adults should be in charge of the lighter trick.|
|Stitches||Tiny holes run the length and width of counted fabric forming a grid of small squares. Count from one hole to the next (one small square) as a stitch; this is extremely important when counting. If you hold the fabric up to the light: the tiny holes will be obvious.|
|AKA||Stands for "Also Known As"; additional names identifying the stitch being worked.|
|Bead Chain Stitch
AKA: Loop, Tambour and Point de Chainette stitch. There are 20 beads in each chain; each chain is worked into the next chain. There are 5 bead chains in each row down and 7 rows across. Each time a bead chain is made, it should line up with the previous chain in that row.
Bead Chain Stitch Sampler Instructions
|Begin in the top left corner. Take the needle from the back to the front in the 1st stitch below the hand stitching. String 20 beads, color 1, take the needle back through the fabric in the next adjacent stitch. Count down 5 additional stitches from first bead chain and bring the needle back through the front inside the bead chain just made. String 20 beads, color 2, take the needle back into the fabric in the adjacent stitch. Now the 2nd bead chain is sticking out of the first one. Count down 5 additional stitches from the last bead chain and make the next chain with 20 beads, color 3. Continue alternating the bead colors for each chain, counting down 5 additional stitches each time. When the last chain is made, take the needle from the back to the front, counting down 6 additional stitches for Delicas and 7 additional stitches for Czech beads. Take the needle around the bottom of the bead chain between the two middle beads and back into the fabric. Knot the thread on the back of the fabric. Put new thread on the needle. For the next row, start back at the top, bring the needle through the 3rd stitch to the right of the first bead chain and continue alternating bead colors. This is a good filler stitch.|
|Bead Cross Stitch
AKA: Sampler, Berlin and Pint de Marque stitch.There are 2 bead stitches, each worked in a diagonal line, the 2nd bead stitch crossing the first. String 7 beads for the 1st stitch and 8 for the 2nd , allowing for the width of the 2nd bead stitch to cross the first. There are 5 bead cross stitches down in each row and 4 rows across.
Bead Cross Stitch Sampler Instructions
|Begin at the top left corner. Count down 5 stitches from the top, bring the needle through to the front left side, string 7 beads, color 1, take the needle up 5 stitches and to the right 5 stitches. Take the needle through to the back. Bring the needle back through the top left, 1st stitch, string 8 beads, color 2, take the needle down 5 stitches and to the right 5 stitches. Begin the next stitch 6 additional stitches down from the last bead stitched on the left side. Work down, repeat the stitch beginning with color 3, then color 1; continue alternating bead colors. For the next row, start back at the top 3rd stitch across from the last bead stitched in the first row and 5 stitches down.|
|Bead Fern Stitch
AKA: Flat and Line stitch
There are 3 straight stitches, 3 beads in each, worked with one vertical and two joining at angles; making a middle stem and 1 branch off each stem side. There are 5 rows across, each row alternating in direction. There are 9 main stems and 9 branches on each stem side for both bead types.
Bead Fern Stitch Sampler Instructions
|Begin in bottom left corner. Bring the needle from the back to the front, above
the hand stitching and across through the 4th stitch from the left side. String
3 beads, color 1, place the beads flat along the stitches, then take the needle directly
through the fabric. Bring the needle back to the front, above and close to the last bead
in the stem.
String 3 beads, color 2, count 2 additional stitches up from the last bead in the stem and 2 stitches to the left, take the needle through.
|From the back, count 4 stitches across, which is 2 stitches to the right and up 2
stitches from the last bead in the stem, color 1, bring the needle through to the front.
String 3 beads, color 3, bring the needle above and close to the last stem bead.
Take the needle through the fabric. Bring the needle back to the front, close to the last bead in the stem again. String 3 color 1 beads and repeat the process.
|Make each stem color 1 and alternate with the branch on the left color 2 and the
branch on the right color 3. For the next row, work from the top to bottom, reverse, start
5 additional stitches to the left of the last bead stem, the 9th stitch.
Stems are in rows 4, 9, 14,19 & 24.
These are sample guides, use them as a reference and experiment with each stitch, bringing rows closer or farther apart, freeform or no rows. Try working these same stitches without counted fabric. Experiment with embellishing three dimensional forms such as dolls and purses. Try turning the fern shape so it looks more undulating and not uniform. Make cross stitches here and there on ultrasuede or leather. Use chains as fillers for embellishment. Try different bead color configurations
Resources For Stitches
How To Embroider, Vol. IV, The National Needlecraft Resource Library, The National Needlework Association, Inc., 1990
The Complete Stitch Encyclopedia by Jan Eaton, Barrons Educational Series, Inc., Quarto Publishing Ltd., London, 1986
One Hundred Embroidery Stitches, Coats & Clarks Book No. 150-B, Norwalk, CT, 1979
The Complete Encyclopedia of Stitchery, by Mildred Graves, Ryan, Doubleday, Inc., & Co., Garden City, NY, 1979
The Beaders Companion by Judith Durant & Jean Campbell, 1998, Interweave Press, Loveland, CO, 1998
Guide to Slanted Stitches by Mira Silverstein, David McKay Company, Inc., NY, 1977
Beaded Bags & More edited by Jules & Kaethe Kliot, Lacis Publications, Berkeley, CA,1998
Embroidery with Beads by Angela Thompson, B.. Batsford Ltd., London, 1987
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